Grammatical errors

大家來找碴:文法錯誤篇

Can You Find The English Grammar Mistakes In These Sentences?

Test your English grammar skills! Can you find the grammar mistakes in the following sentences? Try your best, then scroll down for the answers and explanations.

測測你的英文能力吧!你能找出下列句子中的文法錯誤嗎?盡你所能的尋找,答案和解析都在下方。

FIND AND CORRECT THE GRAMMAR MISTAKES:

找出每句其中的文法錯誤並寫出正確答案:

  1.  We cleaned all the kitchen while our parents were out to dinner.
  2.  If I’m stressed out about something, I tend to have problem to fall asleep.
  3.  One of the most important issue is the lack of parking spaces at the local mall.
  4.  If you don’t mind, I’d prefer leave early tomorrow.
  5.  Do you have a few minutes to discuss about this project?
  6.  The survey we performed recently showed that most of customers are satisfied.
  7.  Although I’ve known him for a while, I still can’t believe how much stubborn he is.
  8.  This is a very simple procedure; it will take less of ten minutes.
  9.  I’ve loved classical music ever since I was child.
  10.  Would you like to take part of this activity?

HERE ARE THE ENGLISH GRAMMAR MISTAKES:

解析篇:

  • 錯誤: We cleaned all the kitchen while our parents were out to dinner.
  • 正確: We cleaned the whole/entire kitchen while our parents were out to dinner.

We use all for plural nouns (all the students) and for uncountable nouns (all the furniture), but not for singular nouns. When you want to talk about 100% of one thing, use the whole or the entire.

All只能出現在複數名詞前(例如:students)或是不可數名詞前(例如:furniture),不可用於單數名詞前。當你要形容某樣東西或地點的全貌時,可以使用whole或entire。

  • 錯誤: If I’m stressed out about something, I tend to have problem to fall asleep.
  • 正確: If I’m stressed out about something, I tend to have trouble / a hard time falling asleep.

This is just a more natural way to express this sentence. We don’t usually use a verb after “problem.” If you want to talk about the difficult action, use “trouble” or “a hard time” and then the -ING form of the verb.

一般而言,我們不會在動詞後面加problem,將problem改為trouble / a hard time句子較為通順。若你要形容一項正在進行但難以完成的事情時,可以在trouble和hard time前面的動詞加ING表現在式。

  • 錯誤: One of the most important issue is the lack of parking spaces at the local mall.
  • 正確: One of the most important issues is the lack of parking spaces at the local mall.

Whenever you use the expression “One of…” the noun must be plural but the verb must be singular. For example, “One of my friends is sick.” “One of these eggs was rotten.”

當你在任何情況下使用“One of…”時,你的名詞需要使用複數型態,然而,你的動詞需要使用單數型態。舉例來說::“One of my friends is sick.” “One of these eggs was rotten.”

  • 錯誤: If you don’t mind, I’d prefer leave early tomorrow.
  • 正確: If you don’t mind, I’d prefer to leave / leaving early tomorrow.
  • 正確: If you don’t mind, I’d rather leave early tomorrow.

After prefer, use TO + VERB or the -ING form. After rather, you can use the base form.

Prefer後面所接的動詞需要加TO + VERB或ING,rather後面則可以使用動詞的原形。

  • 錯誤: Do you have a few minutes to discuss about this project
  • 正確: Do you have a few minutes to discuss this project?
  • 正確: Do you have a few minutes to talk about this project?

Discuss is the same as talk about. Therefore, it is not necessary to use “about” after “discuss.”

Discuss等同於talk about,因此後面不可再加about。

  • 錯誤: The survey we performed recently showed that most of customers are satisfied.
  • 正確: The survey we performed recently showed that most of the customers are satisfied.
  • 正確: The survey we performed recently showed that most of our customers are satisfied.
  • 正確: The survey we performed recently showed that most customers are satisfied.

After most of, you need to have an article like “the” or a possessive like “my/his/our/their/etc.” However, if you use only most, then you don’t need anything and you can go straight to the noun: most people, most houses, etc.

Most of後面需要加上冠詞(例如:the)或是所有格(例如:my/his/our/their/etc)。然而,當你只用most時,後面則不需要加任何冠詞或所有格,可直接接名詞: most people, most houses, etc.

  • 錯誤: Although I’ve known him for a while, I still can’t believe how much stubborn he is.
  • 正確: Although I’ve known him for a while, I still can’t believe how stubborn he is.

Before adjectives like “stubborn,” use only how – for example, how friendly, how cold, how expensive. We use how much / how many with nouns – how much money, how many friends, how much snow.

有些形容詞,例如stubborn, friendly, cold, expensive,前面只需加how。而名詞的前面才使用how much / many,例如money, friend, snow。

  • 錯誤: This is a very simple procedure; it will take less of ten minutes.
  • 正確: This is a very simple procedure; it will take less than ten minutes.

When comparing two things, we use the word than. For example, the city is bigger than the town. A bike is less expensive than a car.

在比較兩樣東西時,我們會使用than,例如: The city is bigger than the town, A bike is less expensive than a car.

  • 錯誤: I’ve loved classical music ever since I was child.
  • 正確: I’ve loved classical music ever since I was a child.
  • 正確: I’ve loved classical music ever since I was young.

When using an adjective like “young,” you don’t need an article: I was hungry, I’m tired, etc. When using a noun, you need an article: I was a manager, I’m a sports fan, etc.

當你使用有些形容詞,例如young, hungry, tired,前面不需要加冠詞。名詞前面則需要加冠詞,例如: I was a manager, I’m a sports fan, etc.

  • 錯誤: Would you like to take part of this activity?
  • 正確: Would you like to take part in this activity?

If you “take part of” something it means you literally remove a piece of it. For example, “He took part of the bread and dipped it in the soup.” “Take part in” means to participate. For example, “I took part in the chess tournament.”

Take part of字面上的意思是,將某樣東西(從另一樣東西)分開來,例如: “He took part of the bread and dipped it in the soup." 而 “Take part in"是參與某項活動的意思,例如:"I took part in the chess tournament." 題目要表達的意思是 “你會參與這項活動嗎?",故使用take part in。

 

原文出處:http://www.espressoenglish.net/